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Section 31

Table 5- FRESH MARKET MUSCADINE CULTIVARS

Cultivar Flower Type1 Fruit Color Berry Size HarvestSeason
VineVigor
WinterHardiness Comments
AfricanQueen (Pat) F Black Large Mid
H
G?
Production questionable, tangy flavor, dry scar
Alachua SF Black Medium Early-mid
H
G?
Tough skin and medium size limitfresh market potential, even ripening
(T)Black Beauty (Pat) F Black Large Early-mid
H
G
Production questionable, good quality, cap stick problems, may crack in wet weather
(T)Black Fry (Pat) F Black Large Early-mid
H
M-G?
Fairly productive, usually good but variable quality, can be clipped in clusters, may crack in wet weather, may have leaf disease problems
Cowart SF Black Med.-large Mid
M
F
Individual berries ripen unevenly – will shatter, poor shipper, good pollinizer for ‘Fry’
(T)Darlene (Pat) F Pinkish/Bronze Very large Early-mid
H
G
Poor cropping a problem in South Georgia due to low flower numbers , berries may tear slightly when picked, cluster clipping recommended for shipping, fair to excellent flavor, consistent size, possible leaf and fruit disease problems
(T)Delight (Excel) (Pat) SF DarkBronze Large Late
L
P-F
Often over produces reducing quality, dry scar
*(T)Early Fry (Pat) F Bronze Large Very early
M-H
G?
Productive, very promising new cultivar, can’t be picked as green as ‘Fry’ and have good quality, ripens ahead of ‘Fry’, possible leaf disease problems, highly recommended for trial
Farrer(Pat) F Black Large Mid-late
H
G
Elongated fruit, wet scar, good U-pick
*Fry F Bronze Large Early-late
L
P
Standard for fresh market, fruit rot, leaf spot problems
*Granny Val (SW Ga.) (Pat)
(Note Comments)
SF Bronze Large Late
L
P
Very productive, over cropping and lack of leaves due to disease and low vigor has been a problem, needs a good fungicide program to control leaf diseases, has not performed well in N. or Middle Georgia (cold injury), or on some farms in S Ga.(leaf disease and die back problems)
Higgins F Pink/Bronze Large Mid
M
P
Poor shipper, elongated fruit
Ison(Pat) SF Black Medium Early
V.H.
G
Will shatter off clusters once picked, may shrivel on vine, dry scar, good processing potential
Janet(Pat) SF Bronze Large Mid
H
G
Wet scar, possible U-pick, good quality
Janebell(Pat) SF Bronze Large Early-mid
H
G
Often over produces,large clusters,long stemmed clusters, dry scar
Jumbo F Black Very large Mid
H
G
Poor quality unless vine ripe
(T)Late Fry
(Pat)
SF Bronze Large Late
H
G?
Fruit show severe powdery mildew scarring in most locations, not recommended
Loomis F Black Med.-large Mid-late
H
G
Great taste, 72% dry scar, tough skin
(T)Nesbitt SF Black Large Mid-late
H
G
Good U-pick, may over crop, may show Pierce’s disease symptoms
(T)Pam(Pat) F Bronze Very large Early-mid
H
G
Production low on some farms, attractive, good quality, can be eaten when greenish bronze, can be cluster clipped for shipping
Pineapple SF Bronze Medium Mid-late
H
G?
Pineapple flavor, productive large clusters, wet scar possible, U-pick
*(T) Polyanna SF Purple Med.-large Mid-late
H?
?
Fairly new release from Florida, good disease resistance, size might be a bit small for shipping, producing well in Tifton, somewhat tough skin
Rosa F Reddish/bronze Med.-large Mid
M
G?
Variable flavor
(T) Scarlett F Red Large Mid
M
G
Fairly newrelease, beautiful red color, productivity has been disappointing
Southland SF Black Medium Mid-late
M
P
High percent dry picking scars, too small for shipping
Sterling SF Bronze Med.-large Mid
M
Very G.
Marginal quality
Sugar Pop (Pat) F Bronze Large Mid-late
H
G?
Productivity questionable, good flavor
Sugargate(Pat) F Black Very large Early
M
P
Usually very poor yields in S. Ga., slightly better in Piedmont
*Summit F Pinkish/Bronze Large Mid
H
G
A top performing cultivar, generally not quite asattractive as Fry but better disease resistant and yield
*Supreme(Pat) F Black Very Large Mid-late
L-M
?
Rising cultivar, exceptional fruit size, will shatter, dry scar, good flavor, young vines may lack vigor, subject to die back if stressed
(T)SweetJenny (Pat) F Bronze Large Early
H
G?
Fairly productive, good quality, edible skin, dry scar, appearance may be rough, may have fruit rot and leaf disease problems, excessive number of parthenocarpic fruit some years
*Tara SF Bronze Large Mid
H
G
Productive, attractive but flavor inferior to Fry, some skin browning, good leaf disease resistance, one of the best bronze pollinizers available
*Triumph SF Pinkish/Bronze Med.-large Early
M
P
Productive, good early season pick-your-own, will shatter if cluster clipped, good pollinizer
Watergate F Bronze Large Mid
M
P
Melting pulp, wet scar, soft, must clip in clusters to ship

 

*
Probably the best choice
(T)
Limited trial only, try only a few vines on your farm before making a larger planting
Flower type
F = female flowered (needs self-fertile pollinator); SF = self-fertile
Vine Vigor
L = low, M = medium, H = high
Approximate berry size
S=<5 grams, M = 5-8 grams, L = 9-10 grams, VL = >10 grams (28.35 grams=1 ounce)
Winter Hardiness
P = poor, F = fair, G = good

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